MucciPhilippine Currency During World War TwoLaphamPhilippine Currency
During World War Two


  1. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Specialized (Standard Catalog of World Paper Money Vol 1: Specialized Issues)
  2. Standard Catalog Of World Paper Money, General Issues, 12 edition
  3. World War II Remembered: History in Your Hands, a Numismatic Study
  4. Shafer, Neil - Philippine Emergency and Guerrilla Currency of World War II, 1st ed. 1974 Western Publishing Co., Inc. (out of print)
  5. -,- A Guide Book of Philippine Paper Money, 1st ed. 1964 Whitman Publishing Company  (out of print)
  6. Anonymous, "Unlisted Guerrilla Notes in the Money Museum Collection", Barrilla I(2), Oct 1974
  7. -, "The Cagayan Resistance Currency", Barrilla II(3), Jul 1975
  8. -, "'Cone' Money - an Interview with Former Speaker Cornelio Villareal", Barrilla V(4), Oct 1978
  9. Banyai, R. A.., Money and Banking in China and Southeast Asia during the Japanese Military Occupation 1937-1945 (Chapter 16 - Philippine Islands - pp 89-110), TaiWan Enterprises Co., Ltd., 1974
  10. Berger, K. J. E., The Numismatist (Cebu Emergency Notes of World War II), 106(5), May 1993
  11. Catlin, M. F., "U.S. Guerrillas on Mindanao and Thier Money: A Change in Status After the Japanese Attack (1st of 4 parts)", Barrilla VI(3), Jul 1979
  12. -,-, "General Fertig's Guerrillas on Mondanao and Thier Money (2nd of 4 parts)", Barrilla VI(4), Oct 1979
  13. -,-., "U. S. Guerrillas on Mindanao and Thier Money: U. S. Guerrillas on the Run (3rd of 4 parts)", Barrilla VII(1), Jan 1980
  14. -,-., "U.S. Guerrillas on Mindanao and Thier Money: The War ends.  Was the Guerrilla Money Redeemed? (4th of 4 parts)", Barrilla VII(2), Jul 1980
  15. Davis, G "Japanese Invasion Money", Barrilla V(3), Jul 1978
  16. Drost, F. "Mindanao WWII Emergency Currency Revisited", Numismatics International Bulletin 22(9), Sep 1988
  17. Nielsen, C. M., "The Negros Guerrilla Currency, Query" & "Response", Montelibano, A., Barrilla IV(4), Oct 1977
  18. Peterson, M. L., "The Emergency Currency of Leyte", Reprinted from The Numismatist.  Colorado Springs, CO: The American Numismatic Association, 1962
  19. Quisumbing, M. V., "The Saiton Emergency Circulating Note of 1943", Barrilla V(2), Apr 1978
  20. Segura, M. F., "Wartime Money", pp 419-439.  In Segura, M.F., The Koga Papers. Stories of WWII.  Cebu, Philippines: M.F. Segura Publications, 1992
  21. Slabaugh, A.R., Japanese Invasion Money. Chicago, Il: Hewitt Bros., 1971
  22. Wolfert, I. American Guerrilla in the Philippines. Ch 18 pp 150-154, New York, NT: Simon & Schuster, 1945
Official Army history of Philippine guerrilla activity during WWII

PBS article from "The American Experience" interviewing certain key figures

Books about guerrillas

Books about the Philippines during WWII


Without the continued assistance of these people and organisations (as well as many others), this site would not have been possible. I wish to thank you all.

Edwin Bautista - Manila, Philippines (an advanced collector looking for rare notes)

Rommel C. Flores - Manila, Philippines. (a Cagayan specialist)

Abraham Luspo, Jr - Manila, Philippine

Neil Shafer - Wisconson, U.S. (Author/Editor of 4 of the reference books listed above)

Ray Czahor - Cookie Jar Collectables (a fine dealer in Philippine money)

Kenneth Berger - San Diego, California U.S.

Heritage Art Center -  Quezon City, Philippines

Larry A "Ski" Smulczenski

Roger Baldwin